Canadian Presence Requirements
CIRA's registration policies require that registrants must have a connection with Canada ("Canadian presence" or Canadian eligibility") to register a dot-ca domain name. CIRA has defined a number of different kinds of connections that individuals or organizations must have in order to meet this requirement. For example, an individual can qualify by being a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident or by belonging to a people indigenous to Canada such as the Inuit. An organization can qualify by, for example, being a corporation incorporated in Canada, a government in Canada or a hospital located in Canada.

Requiring applicants for dot-ca domain name registrations to self-identify is a way to help them ensure that they fall into at least one of the categories and meet the Canadian Presence Requirements. In addition, requiring them to choose a category helps CIRA to ensure that the applicant is a legal entity capable of entering into a contract with CIRA concerning the registration.

The following legal type descriptions can be found in their official form at the Canadian Internet Registration Authority website located at www.cira.ca

When registering a .ca domain name you will be required to select one of the following legal types for your domain. Registrants will be notified via email if CIRA has decided to challenge a chosen legal type. Challenge notifications will be sent to the email address of the administrative contact.

A) Canadian citizen.

Definition: A Canadian citizen of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Canadian Citizen who will hold the domain name registration as the name would appear on a passport, driver's license or other identification document issued by a government.

The name may be followed by a space and "o/a xxxx" where "o/a" stands for "Operating As" and "xxxx" can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. "John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group") . The name may also be followed by a space and a degree granted to the registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the registrant has the right to use (eg. PhD, MD, DDS.)

Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark(''), hyphen(-), period(.).

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Fred-Albert Doon PhD
  • Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John
  • J. Doe
  • None
  • Personal
  • (blank)
  • Cool Gal
  • Domain Administrator
  • St-James Services
  • Acme Sales Inc.

B) Permanent resident of Canada.

Definition: A permanent resident as defined in the Immigration Act (Canada) R.S.C. 1985, c.I-2, as amended from time to time, who is "ordinarily resident" in Canada and of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided. ("Ordinarily resident in Canada" means an individual who resides in Canada for more than 183 days in the twelve month period immediately preceding the date of the applicable request for registration of the .ca domain name or sub-domain name and in each twelve month period thereafter for the duration of the domain name registration.)

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Permanent Resident who will hold the domain name registration as the name would appear on a driver's license or other identification document issued by a government.

The full legal name may be followed by a space and "o/a xxxx" where "o/a" stands for "Operating As" and "xxxx" can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. "John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group"). The name may also be followed by a space and andegree granted to the registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the registrant has the right to use (eg. PhD, MD, DDS.)

Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark(''), hyphen(-), period(.).

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Fred-Albert Doon DDS
  • Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John
  • John 7
  • J. Doe
  • F.A.D
  • Cool Gal
  • St-James Services
  • Acme Sales Inc.

C) Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident:

Definition: An executor, administrator or other legal representative of a Person listed as a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident of Canada.

Note: This registrant type is only available to a person or entity that has been appointed by legal process to represent an individual who is not competent to represent him or herself. It is not available to anyone who represents a Canadian or foreign corporation in any capacity.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident of Canada who is being represented as it would appear on a passport, driver's license or other government identification document. This must be followed by the full legal name and capacity of at least one of the official representatives.

Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark(''), hyphen(-), period(.).

The representative should be identified as the administrative contact for these registrations.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Smith (Jayne Smith, executor)

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • Arlenza SP
  • Shingle LLP

D) Corporation, Canada or Canadian Province or Territory.

Definition: A corporation under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada

Requirements: Registrant name must be the full legal name of the corporation and must be followed by the jurisdiction of incorporation (eg. Canada, Ontario, NWT….) unless it is obvious from the corporation's name.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • 123745 Canada Inc.
  • Smith Corp. of Ontario
  • Smith Ltée. Canada

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Smiths
  • Smiths Consulting
  • Smiths Kennel
  • Leatra SP

E) Trust established in Canada:

Definition: A trust established and subsisting under the laws of a province or territory of Canada, more than 66 2/3 % of whose trustees meet the requirements of one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, or a Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the trust, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.) The Registrant name must also indicate the total percentage of the trustees that meet one or more of the following requirements: Canadian citizen, permanent resident, Canadian corporation, legal representative

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Marie Daigle Trust - (100%)
  • Arbeit Trust - (70%)

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • Arbeit Trust (10%)

F) Partnership Registered in Canada:

Definition: A partnership, more than 66 2/3 % of whose partners meet the requirements of one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, Trust established in Canada or a Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident, which is registered as a partnership under the laws of any province or territory of Canada.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the registered name of the partnership that will hold the domain name registration. The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction of registration (eg. Alberta) and the registration number.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Xenon Partnership (Ontario)
  • Blake, Cassels and Graydon LLP (Ontario)
  • John Doe Partnership, British Columbia

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe Partnership
  • Mybusiness Inc.
  • Fred Smith

G) Canadian Unincorporated Association:

Definition: This Registrant Type is principally intended for religious congregations, social and sports clubs and community groups which are based and operating in Canada.

An unincorporated organization, association or club:
(i) at least 80% of whose members: (A) are ordinarily resident in Canada (if such members are individuals); or (B) meet the requirements of any one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, Partnership Registered in Canada, Trust established in Canada, Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident; and
(ii) at least 80% of whose directors, officers, employees, managers, administrators or other representatives are ordinarily resident in Canada.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete name of the association that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses).

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • St-Alban's Reformed Church of Victoria
  • Archdiocese of Montréal
  • Sun Youth Montréal
  • Citizens for the Protection of the Red River
  • Toronto Junior Soccer Association

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • ACDEN
  • St-Patrick's
  • Dartmouth Soccer Club Limited
  • John Doe

H) Canadian Trade Union:

Definition: A trade union which is recognized by a labour board under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada and which has its head office in Canada.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the trade union that will hold the domain name registration, without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.) The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction in Canada which recognizes it (if it is not obvious from the Registrant's name.)

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN) - Québec
  • Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW)

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • ZZCEUL local 237
  • Jean Smith
  • Sales Are Us Inc.

I) Canadian Political Party:

Definition: A political party registered under a relevant electoral law of Canada or any province or territory of Canada

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the political party holding the domain name registration, without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.) The Registrant name must also by followed by the jurisdiction in Canada in which it is registered (if it is not obvious from the official name).

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC)
  • Union Nationale du Québec
  • Reform Party - Alberta

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • Liberal Party
  • ACCULD - Ontario
  • National Liberation Front of Mexico

J) Educational institution.

Definition:
(i) a university or college which is located in Canada and which is authorized or recognized as a university or college under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada; or

(ii) a college, post-secondary school, vocational school, secondary school, pre-school or other school or educational institution which is located in Canada and which is recognized by the educational authorities of a province or territory of Canada or licensed under or maintained by an Act of Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the institution that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses. The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction (e.g. name of province, municipality) in which the institution is accredited if not obvious from the Registrant's name.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • University of British Columbia (UBC)
  • St-John's Middle School of Ottawa
  • Advanced Languages Institute of Ontario (ALI)(Ontario)

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Sandhill Secondary School
  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • UBC Student Association
  • Professional Association of Teaching Professionals of UdeM
  • Joe Smith

K) Library, Archive or Museum.

Definition: An institution, whether or not incorporated, that:
(i) is located in Canada; and
(ii) is not established or conducted for profit or does not form part of, or is not administered or directly or indirectly controlled by, a body that is established or conducted for profit in which is held and maintained a collection of documents and other materials that is open to the public or to researchers.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete legal name of the institution which will hold the domain name registration without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.)

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Royal Ontario Museum
  • Musé des Beaux Arts de Montréal

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • My site
  • Domain Administrator
  • Biggs Bargain Books

L) Canadian Hospital:

Definition: A hospital which is located in Canada and which is licensed, authorized or approved to operate as a hospital under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the hospital that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.) The Registrant's name must be followed by the jurisdiction (eg. name of province) which accredited the hospital if not obvious from the Registrant's name.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Royal Victoria Hospital - Québec
  • Sick Children's Hospital of Ontario
  • Veteran's Hospital Canada, Pointe Claire

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Dr. John Doe
  • Jane Doe
  • John Doe Inc.
  • SHUL
  • Nurses Union Local 1455 NHCWA
  • Manitoba Doctors Against Drugs (MDAD)

M) Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada:

Definition: Any Indian band as defined in the Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5, as amended from time to time, and any group of Indian bands;

Requirements: The name of Registrant must be the Indian Band Name as registered with the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Lac la Ronge Indian Band

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Mohawk Motors
  • Sioux Sales Inc.
  • Sales Are Us Inc.
  • Jean Gallant

N) Aboriginal Peoples (individuals) indigenous to Canada:

Definition: Any individual belonging to any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Aboriginal Person applying for the Registration as it would appear on a driver's license or other identification document issued by government.

The Registrant may enter its full legal name followed by a space and "o/a xxxx" where "o/a" stands for "Operating As" and "xxxx" can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. "John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group"). The name may also be followed by a space and a degree granted to the registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the registrant has the right to use (eg. PhD, MD, DDS.)

Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark(''), hyphen(-), period(.).

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe
  • Fred-Albert Doon DDS
  • Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John
  • None
  • Personal
  • (blank)
  • Domain Administrator
  • St-James Services Inc.

O) Aboriginal Peoples (groups) indigenous to Canada:

Definition: Any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada, and any collectivity of such Aboriginal peoples.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the indigenous people a collectivity of Aboriginal Persons or, if there is no official name, the name by which the collectivity is commonly known.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Carrier Sekani Tribal Council

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Acme Sales Inc.
  • Helping Spirit Lodge Society
  • John Jones

P) Government or government entity in Canada.

Definition: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, a province or a territory; an agent of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, of a province or of a territory; a federal, provincial or territorial Crown corporation, government agency or government entity; or a regional, municipal or local area government.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the entity that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses). If the Registrant is not a government, the Registrant's name must be followed by the name of the jurisdiction (eg. Canada, province, territory, municipality, etc) to which the Registrant is related.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Government of Alberta
  • Export Development Corporation (EDC) (Canada)
  • Deposit Insurance Corporation of Ontario (DCIO)
  • The Corporation of the City of Toronto

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Toronto Sales Are Us Inc.
  • DCIOPEI
  • John Doe

Q) Trade-mark registered in Canada by non-Canadian owner:

Definition: A Person which does not fall under any other registrant type, but which is the owner of a trade-mark which is the subject of a registration under the Trade-marks Act (Canada) R.S.C. 1985, c.T-13 as amended from time to time, but in this case such permission is limited to a request to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of that registered trade-mark.

This Registrant Type is only intended for Registrants which do not meet the requirements associated with any other registrant type but which have a trade-mark registered in Canada. (Trade-marks subject of trade-mark applications and trade-marks registered in other jurisdictions, such as the United States, do not qualify.)

The domain name to be registered must include the trade-mark. (eg. If the trade-mark is AVEA this type of registrant can register avea.ca or aveaisus.ca but not xyz.ca).

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete legal name of the trade-mark owner (not the trade-mark agent) holding the domain name registration without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.) The applicant must also insert the Canadian registration number of the trade-mark following the Registrant name.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Arcuros SPA - TMA1762466

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • Arcuros SPA

R) Official marks registered in Canada:

Definition: A Person which does not meet the requirements for any other Registrant Type, but which is a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trade-Marks Act (Canada) at whose request the Registrar of Trade-marks has published notice of adoption of any badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark pursuant to Subsection 9(1), but in this case such permission is limited to a request to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of such badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark in respect of which such Person requested publications.

Notes: This registrant type is only intended for Registrants which do not meet the requirements associated with any other registrant type but which have an Official Mark registered in Canada.

The domain name must include the official mark (eg. If the official mark is WIPO, the registrant can register wipo.ca but not intellectual-property.ca)

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the entity holding the domain name registration without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.) The registration number of the official mark must follow the Registrant Name.

Examples of Valid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - 0970388

Examples of Invalid Registrant Names for this Type:

  • John Doe Inc.
  • Arcuros SPA

S) Her Majesty the Queen:

Definition: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second and her successors.

Requirements: The Registrant's name must be that of Her Majesty the Queen or, after a succession, the name of her successor.

CIRA qualifies the Canadian Presence Requirements with the following…

For the purposes of this policy:

a) "ordinarily resident in Canada" means an individual who resides in Canada for more than 183 days in the twelve month period immediately preceding the date of the applicable application for registration of the .ca domain name or sub-domain name and in each twelve month period thereafter for the duration of the domain name registration; and

b) "Person" includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership, a trust, an unincorporated organization, association or club, the government of a country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency or department of any such government, and the executors, administrators or other legal representatives of an individual in such capacity, a "person" as defined in the Trade-marks Act (Canada) and a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trade-marks Act (Canada).

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 above, each registrant of a .ca domain name or sub-domain name registration which is registered in the .ca registry operated by UBC prior to the Operational Transfer Date shall be deemed to satisfy the Canadian presence requirements described in paragraph 1 above with respect only to an application by such registrant to CIRA to register such .ca domain name or sub-domain name.




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